World ethical challenges are problems affecting everyone in the society and the world at large. Terrorism is one of the greatest ethical challenge in the society and the world at large. According to Wikipedia terrorism is the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create fear, to achieve a political, religious or ideological aim. In my own understanding, terrorism is the use of illegal ways to create fear in the mind of people, to get something done, by having a selfish interest towards it to the extent that lives and properties are been lost. According to the history of terrorism,terrorism is not a 21st century phenomenon and has its roots in early resistance and political movements. The Sicarii were an early Jewish terrorist organization founded in the first century AD with the goal of over throwing the Romans in the middle east. Judas of Galilee, leader of Zealots and a key influence on the Sicarii, believed that the Jews should be ruled by God aloneand that armed resistance was necessary. Unlike the Zealots, the Sicarri targeted other Jews they believed to be collaborators or traitors to the cause. The tactics employed by the Sicarri were detailed by the historian Josephus around 50 AD; ‘’they should mingle with the crowd, carrying short diggers concealed under their clothing, with which they stabbed their enemies. Then when they fell,the murderers would join in the cries of indignation and, through this plausible behaviour , avoided discovery’’. There are many examples of terrorism throughout the history before the modern terrorism of the 20th century . Guy Fawkes’ failed attempt at reinstating a catholic monarch is an example of an early terrorist plot motivated by religion. Meanwhile, the reign of terror during the French revolution is an example of state terrorism.
Recent record proved that Nigeria is one of the three countries with the high rate of terrorism.Nigeria which is been attacked by Boko Haram, which means western education is ignored , this group of people terrorize Nigeria by kidnapping of Chibok girls’ from their school and destroying of numerous lives and properties.This people wants to turn the northern part of Nigeria into an Islamic state in which the government and the citizens of the country refused to accept. Also,the IPOB which is the Indigenous People Of Biafra,their leader Nnamdi Kanu who is standing out for the Igbos’ and said that the Nigerian government is plotting to kill him on September 15, but he was know whereto be found and the soldiers killed 22 of his members and 18 of his members were arrested, which was reported by his brother Emmanuel to Daily Sun on telephone. A statement by the group the group national president, Gambo Ibrahim Gujungu titled, ‘’south-east time for reason to prevail’’ noted that, the self acclaimed IPOB leader do not have the interest of Igbos’ at heart as his actions are endangering their lives and properties outside the confines of the south-east.But in this reaction the Ohaneze Ndigbo Women lambasted the Army for invading the residence of the IPOB and alleged the killing and maiming of youths at Isaiah Ngwa junction, Abia state. President of the group, Mrs. Calista Nkiru Adimachukwu queried the rationale for the military exercise code named Python Dance II when the south east was not the most security challenged zone in the country. ‘’ This, therefore, give credence to the suspicion that this may be another ploy to further militarize the zone and creta prefect setting for ethnic cleansing’’, she said in a statement. This is as the Alaigbo Development Forum[ADF] has sued President Muhammadu Buhari and the Chief of Army Staff over the Nigerian Army’s Operation Python Dance. Also, some people especially the Igbos’ wants the country to be divided in order to be free and independent because they feel that they are not being wanted in political activities and that the Hausa’s are people who are normally gain political leadership due to the religion of the President been Islamic.According to Global Terrorism Index, approximately 17,958 people were killed in terrorist attacks last year, and of those deaths 82 percent occurred in just five nations: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, Syria.Of the 162 surveyed nations,Iraq holds the deplorable top spot with approximately 2492 terrorist attacks in 2013, which killed 6362 people. Combined, these nations accounted for nearly 15000 fatalities. Since 2000 only 5 percent of these crimes were suicide attacks. The four terrorist groups responsible for the most destructive acts are Taliban, Boko Haram, ISIS, and Al-Qaeda. The report notes that radical variants of Islam was ‘’ the key commonality for all four groups.’’ However, the study does not take into account the recent attacks from ISIS since the research tapers off at the end of 2013.IEP identifies the following 13 countries with a high risk potential of terrorism activity. These nations either have violent ongoing conflicts or notable social and economic setbacks. Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cote D’ Ivory, Ethopia, Iran, Israel, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Uganda. From the report, the following are the 3 main factors associated with terrorism: Greater social MM high levels of group grievances. Presence of state sponsored violence such as extrajudicial killings, political terror and gross human rights abuses. Higher levels of other forms of violence including deaths from organized conflicts, likelihood of violent demonstrations, levels of violent crime and perceptions of criminality. In my own opinion, terrorism been one of the world ethical challenges is caused when: peoples’ rights are been denied of them, high level of illiteracy in the country, bad governance, when a particular religion is been denied to involve in political leadership. This ethical challenge[terrorism] can be resolved by government program which educates the people about their rights and how to gain their rights when denied of them , that is, by going to court to resolve their issues legally, without to going about destroying life and properties. Also, by building of schools by the government to give children from poor families opportunity to be educated and not feel inferior to others or abandoned by their government which will create a negative mindset to them and causing high level of touts in our community terrorizing the country. Citizens should protest against bad governance in order to call for re-election and change to a good government. All religion should be treated equally irrespective of the president religion, as far as the person is capable for that position he or she should be given in order to reduce terrorism in the country. In conclusion, from the above listed solutions, we should put heads together to try to reduce this world greatest ethical challenge to make this world a better place to live in and also for our younger ones to learn from us and also make a better tomorrow.

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