Jai Singh Sawai ( popular as " Sawai Jai Singh ", 1688-1743) bought religious lands in Mathura , Vrindavan , Varanasi , Allahabad , Ujjain and Ayodhya , in North India at Hindu religious centers and set up Jaisinghpuras .One such Jaisinghpur is still located near my village in Ayodhya where present day’s Mayor of Ayodhya also lves .Kapad Dwar Museum in Jaipur City Palace hosts collection of these activities . Jai Singh bought land at Ram’s Birth Place in 1717 in Ramkot area . The ownership of the land was vested in the deity or ‘Ram Lala’.
The first Religious Violace in Ayodhya is recorded in 1850 when some Muslims attacked at Hanuman Nivas or Hanuman Garhi and in retaliation Vairagis of Hanuman Garhi attacked on Babri Mosque and local Hindus demanded that the ownership of site should be given to them and they should be allowed to worship at place but subsequent Colonial British Governments never granted such permission. In 1946 All India Ramayana Mahasabha also called Hindu Mahasabha started a movement for possession of site of Ram Lala. In 1949 Sant Digvijay Nath of Gorakhnath Math started a 9 -day continuous ‘Paath’ of Ramacharit Manas , which ended in installing idols of Ram and Sita inside Mosque by breaking in to it by Hindus. People were made to believe that Idols were actually self incarnated.The date was December 22,1949. Pt Jawaharlal Nehru insisted to remove the idols but a local magistrate K K. Nayar denied to follow that saying that it may instigate riots. Police closed the gates of Shrine to avoid entry of people from both communities however Idols remained inside shrine and thus Mosque was converted in to real temple. Sunni Waqf Board and ABRM both went to Faizabad local court and filed a civil lawsuit for ownership of land thus land and shrine were declared under dispute and gates remained closed with idols of Ramlala inside it.
Christophe Jafrlot calls Gorkhanth Math which follows the same principle as of Hindu Mahasabha as Other Bhagwa which is separate to mainstream Hindu Nationalist entities but keeps its identity intact.Later on Vishwa Hindu Parishad was set up in 1964 and started movement for possession of site.The three Hindu Mahasabha, The Gorakhnath Wing and Vishwa Hindu Parishad came together and kept movement alive. District Magistrate Nair , who refused to remove the idols became a Local Hero and later joined Jan Sangh.
Gopal Singh Visharad filed a main lawsuit in Allahabad High Court for possession of site and rights of Pooja (Worship) which was joined by Paramhans Ram Chandra Daas of Digambar Akhara in Ayodhya. In 1959 , a Hindu religious institution , Nirmohi Akhara filed third lawsuit for possession of site .A Fourth lawsuit was filed by Sunni Waqf Board for possession of site .
Allahabad High Court 's bench started hearing on this case in 2002 and completed in 2010 and ordered to divide the land of 2.77 acres in three parts between Ram Lala Virajman,Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Waqf Board but all three parties went to Supreme Court against Allahabad High Court’s Judgment which completed its hearing in October 2019 after 40 days nonstop hearing and released its judgment of 1045 pages on November 8 2019 ordering to hand over the land to Ram Lala Virajman(The Bal Room or Infant Ram) in total. It further ordered that a trust be built within three months to prepare a blue print for construction of a Ram Temple on site. The Sunni Waqf Board was given a piece of 5 acres land within periphery of Ayodhya to built a Mosque .Supreme Court’s five judges bench learnt that Idols of Ram Lala itself is a Human Being but since he cannot sign on document a Vishwa Hindu Parishad Veteran signed the documents on his behalf. It further stated that demolition of mosque was wrong but since Hindus has been worshiping at place since very long and Archeological Survey of India which does excavation on site in 2002 suggest existence of a glorious temple hence it is believed that a Ram Temple existed on site . This orders shuns all disputes and stop this 450 years long controversy and so the longest lawsuit in history of India.
In this context the shootout on Karsewaks on 30 October and 2 November 1990, Demolition of structure on 6 December 1992 , Prime Minister Atal Bihari Bjpai’s order to excavate the site of 2.77 acres to know the truth and Shilapujan in which Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh,Visha Hindu Parishad and other Hindu powers shown unanimous support to built a Ram Temple and took oath for the same must be mentioned.. The story of this author himself visited Ayodhya many a times and was also present to report for Getty Images and Sky News During Ram Shila Pujan and Excavation.He attended each evening briefing by ASI and advocates of both sides and is witness that large remains and structures were found during excavation suggesting existence of a glorious Hindu Temple beneath the surface of 2.77 acres Land. ASI’s report played big evidence in winning the case in favors of Hindus
( Prof ( Dr ) Ratnesh Dwivedi is a Delhi based Professor of Journalism for past 22 years and currently serves as Professor & Head of Department at Hi Tech Institute of Engg & Technology Ghaziabad. He is an award winning Academic/NASA Certified Educator/Interdisciplinary Scientist/Awarded Sec,Intel & Def Expert and Peace Prize Winner.He regularly writes for Russian International Affairs Council,Moscow and Carnegie Council,Washington)
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