Terrorism appears to be on the increase in recent decades, its impact is feels in all the aspects of human society. As a system of freighting people to make them act in a manner that contradict their religious and social norms, terrorism is a both social and ethical problem in our world today. Terrorism has gained seasonable recognition and acceptance amongst people who derived fulfilment in violent extremism and inciting fear to general public. It is one of the widely form of warfare practiced to throughout the world today. Its effects can be negative to individual, family, society, nation and the whole world. History has shown that people have been discriminated and rejected on basis of their race and nationality or region. This was confirmed by the action of President, Donald Trump of United State immediately after he assumed office of the president, Trump enacted law to stop people entering United State from terrorists dominated area. Although the president action was received with misconceptions but group sees it as a moved to prevent further terrorist attack in America. Thus, this attested the negative impacts terrorism can have on people. The act of terrorism is viewed to be politically motivated or psychologically designed by certain angry individuals. However, the religious motive appears to be much.
The term terrorism is from the word terror meaning extreme fear. It has been define to mean deliberate commission of violence act in order to create an emotional response through suffering of the victims in furtherance of a political or social agenda, terrorism is the use of unlawful violence against people or property to achieve political objectives (Wiktionary 3.0). It can also be seen as a form of psychological manipulation through warfare with the purpose of political or religious gains, by means of deliberately creating a climate of fear amongst the inhabitant of a specific geographical region. The perpetrators of this act of violence are refers to as terrorist. Their activities include bombing, killing, kidnapping, aircraft hijacking, etc. There are many different types of terrorism. These include:
Religion: This form of terrorism is mostly associated with Islamic fundamentalism likes of Al-Qaida, ISIL, Boko Haram Taliban. They are group who sort to reinstate the lost status and to form a powerful Islamic government.
Political Terrorism: It is a situation where by there is a strong desire to change political regime. Thus, attack was carried on the political ranking officials only. Such struggle could lead to violence.
Ethno-nationalism: This is a situation whereby if majority of citizens of a given country dislike the government in power for any reason and desire to form a new for government. For instance, the African nationalists independent struggled from their colonial masters.
Socio-economic Status: This form of terrorism takes place when certain section of the country or society feels discriminated and unfairly treated by it government, which leads to total isolation by the majority of the population of the country or society.
Bioterrorism: It happens when special harmful biological agents are released to attack people.
Cyber terrorism: this is a technological kind of terrorism which is use by hackers to harm people usually through the use of internet.
As social and ethical problem terrorists activities is being witnessing in every part of the world. In recent years, the West Africa region has experienced some reoccurrence of violence act, stemming from the ongoing activities of Boko Haram with Nigeria been the most affected country. This has singled the country out as the most violence place in the region. Although, the detailed scale and impact of the current insurgency is still largely unknown, but there are updates about the rate of brutal killings of innocent citizens and security personnel. Based on information available on the media, the ongoing insurgency has generated an estimated 20,000-25,000 deaths and has resulted to massive population displacement, with women and children being are affected in different ways, The situation is significantly worst in the north eastern states of the country where rape child/forced marriage, divorce and unwanted pregnancy are said to be common and human rights violation, loss of husband/father some time both, loss livelihood, increase in responsibilities in all sphere of life. Thus, increase the rate of social vices in the region. There are reports of mass kidnappings alongside stories of individual women being abducted. Though both men and women were victims, the novelty of female abduction by the terrorists attracts the majority of attention. Terrorism is inimical human progress.
The abduction action of terrorism denied victims freedom of movement as they are being confined to one place by the terrorists. They are not allowed to enjoy their fundamental human right and they are stooped to engage in any gainful activities that will help them to develop their potential as free human being. Ethically we ought not to treat our fellow human beings merely as objects, in order to achieve our selfish desire. Human, are autonomous being with personal goals set to achieve. As utilitarian will, say an act is right only if it brings about the greatest good for the greatest number. Terrorists rape women and girls with impunity, there is no ethical duty to enjoy sex or import its enjoyment on someone else and especially with force. Since most rape perpetrated by the terrorists is escalation of aggression seduction when resistance to sex is incurred, it is difficult to believe that any mutual intention exists with respect to pleasure and satisfaction. This violates the victim’s fundamental human rights. They killed without remorse; there is no religion or social norms that encourage murder. Murder is evil no matter the circumstance.
The Nigeria Boko Haram group like any other terrorist group elsewhere in the world received local and international support through money, weapons, training. These make terrorists to have unlimited access to advanced weapons. They strong claimed that the only form of radical terrorism should employ the most sophisticated science and technology. Terrorism is a social and ethical problem, which appears in global discussion, it worries not only the affected nations and individuals but humanity in general. Even if one society or country is not affected, terrorism has negative impacts on people's health and social well-being, as well as the general ecosystem.
Hence, every individual have important role to play in order to put an end to this evil in our society, people should know their limit in societal matter and procedure to channel their grievance, having a strong mind and respect themselves and others, avoid risk taking. On interpersonal level we should try to avoid relationship with strangers or bad friends, social and parental control could also help. Successful strategies used by developed countries, should be employ in order curb the terrorism in Nigeria. Community networking should be establish where relevant information about activities of strange group is monitor and report to the appropriate authorities. It is better to run an inclusive government that carries everyone or all sections of the country along in order to prevent any form of terrorism. Furthermore, to tackle the issue of terrorism successfully every member of human community most understands the why and what lead people to involve in terrorists activities. We need to examine them and unite as human society in this fight. Curbing terrorism is business for all, it is not to allow to only few. Therefore, we all need to be indifferent in handling this calamity that befalls humanity. Together we can achieve a peaceful global society.