Mohammed Salman Ali
First year B.Tech student(Electronics and Communication Engineering)
TKM College of Engineering, Kollam, Kerala
India
Age:19

2017 passes away from us leaving so many questions before us. Looking back to this year, are we proud of things done by us? Can we met and solved the ethical issues in 2016? Considering the ethical issues in the world, the first image that comes in my mind is the innocent face of a refugee. Yes, what did they do?

When we look at the history of refugees, we can find that it is not formed at this hour. From time immemorial, refugees are there.
There are some common reasons for it.
. Warfare between countries
. Natural calamities
. Epidemics
. Ethnic cleansing ominorities
Reasons are many. But primarily, these matters have the priority which makes a refugee.
The earliest refugee details are found from ancient Greece. Destruction of cities were the cause. Refugees from Bosnia-.Herzegovena
were also cited in the portraits.
From the period 1933-1944, the world witnessed the growth of Nazism. They believed in racial purity, so that they only considered Aryans as humans, and tried to destroy all other communities. They literally enacting Darwin's theory of 'Survival of the fittest'. Only one difference. Here nature is not eliminating the weak, rather humans did it. Hitler's execution of jews by holocaust in gas chambers is a frustrating thing for us till now.
We don't know the exact reasin behind this brutal deed, but some jews were turned refugees and flee to different countries including France(4,00,000), Palestine(50,000)
("Refugee". Retreived Dec 29, 2017 from http://wikipedia.com).
This is the story of jewish refugees. But in 1948, something weird happened. Jews who were received as refugees claimed that it is their country as per Moses' offering and received a new country called 'Israel' with the help of western nations. This created the new refugees, the Palestine refugees. A burning issue till now.
India also faced the problem of refugees when it got independence in 1947. It became independent by splitting into three nations, India, West Pakistan, East Pakistan(Now Bangladesh). During that time, muslims in the Punjab region and the Bengal region migrate to the new nations and hindus to India which was proved a great suffering for the refugees. Many of the people killed, some faced brutal harassments from officials etc. It can't be described in one word.
In the world wars, Russians escaped from their land as refugees to be released from brutal communist rule but after world war, due to Portsdam conference, they were repatriated between 1948 to 1951 which proved to be a disastrous one. They were molested by the officials.

. Seeking for solutions!!
In 1946, International Refuge Organisation was found and later merged with UN Refugee Agency. It is acting as a healing for the refugees by funding, refugee camps, supply of foods and medicines, rehabilitation, educating chidren in refugees.... So many things are done but it is still failing in one thing, 'failure in stopping problems between nations that cause refugees'. It seems helpless before the ferocious leaders of nations
. What are the challenges faced by UNHCR?
- Poor health rate of refugees to survive.
- Various disorders seen in refugees like
stress, depression, anxiety, chronic fatigue.
etc. which make the volunteers difficult to
cure.
"Also Post Traumatic Syndrome (PTSD) is
seen more common among the refugees.
38 percentage of Syrian Children face this
while 28 percentage of Bosnian refugee
women, 20 percentage of Sudanese refugee
minors face this problems"
("Refugee". Retreived Dec 29, 2017 from
http://wikipedia.com)
Calculations are frightening us.

. Modern day refugees and current scenario.
Today, terrorism is widespread in the name
of Islam, but we know that this is not truth.
It is the creation of anti-human, cruel, greedy
nations. How we know it? Because majority
of people killed and forced to become
refugee are muslims!! This is the truth. We
have proofs. The Syrian refugees, The
Palestinian refugees, The Rohingyan
refugees are modern examples. Let's take a
look on each.

. Syrian refugees- Problems started from
2011, the Arab spring. The governments
who led a dictatorship rule in Egypt, Libia
Yemen etc. were overthrown and its after-
shock reached Syria also. But Syrian
government not like other nations resist
protests by using poisonous chemicals
took the life of innocent civilians. In
addition to this, ISIS also attacked Syria
which cause deaths of people again. The
Saudi-US alignment which resist ISIS attack
also cause millions of deaths. So by
forcefully, the people leaved the country as
refugees who migrated to neighbouring
countries and rehabilitated by UNHCR. But
problems are not over.

. Palestinian refugees: Hosts who are forced
to leave the country by the guests!! A very
weird thing. Later by the Gulf war, Israel
acquired most of the Palestine part
including Jerusalem which is the subject of
dispute currently. Palestinians in homeland
are also suffering harassments from Israel
police.

. Rohingyan refugees: UN represented them
as the "most suppressed community in the
world". It is quite true. Rohingyas are facing
brutal oppressions from the majority
Buddhist monks from 1982 precisely ahen
they denied citizenship in Myanmar. During
1824-1948 British rule in Myanmar,
labourers from India, Bangladesh etc.
migrated to Myanmar. Government of
Myanmar says that it is illegal and hence
supports ethnic cleansing of Rohingyas by
the buddhists and also the army!! Records
show that Rohingyas are living in Myanmar
centuries ago! Most astonishing fact is that
Aung San Suu Kyi, the nobel peace prize
winner supports the ethnic cleansing!! They
didn't consider the warnung from UN,
Human Rights Watch, Nobel Peace Prize
winner Malala Yousufsai etc. Days passing,
and the harassments are increasing. The
refugees are now settling in India,
Bangladesh etc. who are now requesting UN
to UN to return them as the internal system
of country is collapsing. But if they return,
they will be killed by the army. For their
saviour, Arakan Rohingya National
Organisation which pledges to stand for
Rohingyas as Hamas in Palestine.

. From these three examples, we can
understand the problems faced by the
UNHCR.They can't even rehabilitate refugees
to other countries as they are afraid that
their internal stability will collapse.
. Poor medical care, lack of transportation of
medicines are also the problems faced by
UNHCR in developing countries.
. Unfortunately, exploitation occurs to this
refugees by UN officials also. Children
between 13-19 age face sexual exploitation
and for living, their parents forcibly close
their eyes.
. Lack of educational facilities in developing
countries is also hindering their revival.
. Security threats are there as they are
vulnerable of recruitments as terrorists by
ISIS etc.
. People rehabilitated in other areas face
cultural differences and hence face
harassments there too.

. What is the solution???
Speaking about solutions, we are aware that
not one country can solve this, but need a
global movement. UN is the beat solution,
but the problem it face is that it is funded
mainly by US,UK, Israel etc. who have a
negative mindset. Even US withdraw from
Paris conference on climate change and
also from UNESCO, Israel withdraw from
UNESCO as UN criticised both nation's
mindset. Also US and Israel are world's
largest suppliers of weapons to countries,
that prevent countries to object them. But
during the Jerusalem problem initiated by
America, US was able to veto the decision
favour to Palestine, but failed during General
Assembly voting 128-9 very shamefully. We
need this unity. Despite of other nations in a
small number, if the rest of the world unite,
we can solve the problems of refugees
forever. Countries who are unwilling to reside
refugees have to follow the path of current
Turkey President Recep Tayyib Erdogan, who
is famous now for taking strong decisions for
the needy people.India also has to come
back to its policy of 'adhithi devo bhava'
which respects its guests.
UN is adopting so many programs for the
welfare of refugees such as 'Letters of Love'
etc but to become successful, we need
voluntary participation of all countries. Also
steps like:
. Expansion of Security Council giving
presence of all countries.
. Strict punishments, bans and regulations to
countries who created refugee problems
. More popularisation of UN programs
will help to improve the conditions of all
refugees, not only muslims but all. Stand
united for them because they are also
humans, our brothers and sisters. When
running for money in the whole life, consider
the people who thrive to live their life, losing
all their wealth, relation, land and have only a
hope to live. When we understand their lives,
we surely thank God for our happy life.
Live proudly in the world and also help
others to live in the world and make your life
meaningful.
#essaycontest2017

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