The importance of talk in gender, a gender, a Western philosophy espoused Western feminist organizations new managed to make this concept is problematic. And did not stop it at that, but such regulations was able to penetrate some feminist upper levels in global organizations, such as the United Nations, and also succeeded in holding international conferences concerning women's issues, most notably the Beijing Conference in 1995. And Arabic and Islamic delegations were surprised at these conferences by the domination of the women's organizations, and was surprised by her attempts to impose unacceptable concepts and Arabic and Islamic peoples values, blatant contradiction with religious values and principles, and serious danger to family and society.
Dump (Oakley) to say that gender is a ' gender ' from his ability to change according to time and place.
That gender refers to the place specified by the society for men and women at all stages of their lives as male or female. It is so different from sex, which refers to the biological and physiological traits and characteristics which is determined on the basis of males and females.
2-Foundations and principles of gender:
-Recognition of the differences between the sexes and resulting from conditions of life-legal status and political allamtsaoih for men and women, access to information, education and training evenly.
-The different needs of women and men.
-The contribution of these factors hamper development
3- Tools and methods of analysis by gender:
-Select gender roles:
Is identifying the Division of roles between men and women is the first way to show and explain the business and the roles of women and men in society or in a particular environment and determined by a society's culture, traditions and customs. And use this analysis means basic manifested to show and evaluate the efforts of men and women within the family and society, and the importance of those efforts for the continuity of life, as well as for their balance in society.
-Distribution of work by type meeting:
Gender division or distribution refers to the Division of labour between women and men on the basis of the prevailing value systems and perceptions about each one of them resulting from the process of ' socialization ' in the family and other Community institutions (school, media etc.) and use all human societies This distribution as a principle of organization.
And this situation is intensified and stricter in Arabic societies where women's domestic role recognizes only a role as wife and mother and a housewife, while ignoring its productive tasks inside and outside the home. But even for the man, if he wanted to get out on the field selected him based on the productive cycle at work (outside the home) and its primary function which lay in making a living and family spending, contribute, however, will diminish its value as a man and not give any importance to what comes with the work as the Wife at home or doing anything that might be considered by the Community pursuant to catfight.
-These roles are determined by the community
-Roles associated with society's expectations of the individual
-This community builds expectations based on sex, male roles and identifies roles for women
-Associated with each of these roles set of behaviors reflect the dominant values of a particular society.
-Evaluates the community men and women according to their success to success in a role defined by each.
This role is an extension "for the role of reproduction that centred on the focus on the preservation of human society. But the attention spans of interesting community attention prisonersThis voluntary role.
Means that role by providing scarce resources and managing their use by the community, in addition to providing services that help human society to survive and develop.
The role of men and women and gender distribution depends on community culture and community concepts prevailing in society Examples of this role played by charities or in war or in the neighborhood.
This role is the power of decision making process starts within the family, extending up the Guild and Municipal Council and even state legislatures.............. this role is usually seen on that particular role to men even though women stormed to this space and this is usually a paid role, either way Direct or indirect (moral) to Association "closely" status and authority.
Had the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, the issue of gender roles in society, the preamble emphasized that the full and complete development of a country and the welfare of the world and the cause of peace require the participation of women on equal terms with men, the maximum possible participation in all fields,
She considered that the role of women in the family and in the development of society which had not been recognized until now fully the social significance of maternity and the role of both parents in the family and in the upbringing of children, and the role of women in procreation should not be a basis for discrimination but that the upbringing of children requires instead a t Qasim responsibility between men and women and society as a whole.
And the bottom line that gender relations between men and women posed by society and are not separate from other social relationships therefore plays an important role in political and societal role.