Moral leadership: Personal improvement and sense of crisis
A leader must be able to be in front of to provide exemplary or pioneering in all forms of goodness. Not only that, a leader also must be able to be the driving force behind themself and people who they lead, to progress in good life and follow people’s will and direction towards the truth. Therefore, leaders have a very important position, so anyone who becomes a leader should not be abusing their leadership for the things that are not true and hurt many people.
Moral leadersip is defined as leader's ability to discern a good and bad things. This means that in making decisions about people's lives, then they must consider the good and the bad one. If their decision, bring good things to many people, their decision are not contrary with morals value. But in reality, management leadership is still cross by elite interests, who are not being closer with the prosperity of the people (bad governance). Blurring of moral standards and commitment, strengtened with weak law enforcement and discriminatory, not only aggravate birocratic culture, but also damage people's behavior and healthy culture. Even more, worse things is intellectual people has been transformed and morphed into a political actor, then washed, and then blurs their moral-intellectual commitment. From this arises moral degradation of the leader. Moral degradation of the leader might be prevented by moral character education system based on religion, that might be supposed to be built at an early age. Theodore Roosevelt said: "To educate a person in mind and not in Morals is to educate a menace to society". Therefore, the author want to write an essay on the morality of leadership, its expected to share ideas and opens the heart to form a moral leader around the world.
Moral degradation of the leaders would not happen if they have 2 main pillars including personal improvement , and social skills or a sense of crisis . Personal improvement is an individual who has a firm personality to the rules that internalized within him/her . Thus , they are not easily swayed by their social environment influence which they considered it, as incompatible with their internalized rules. This personality contemporary termed as integrity . Individuals who have high integrity to value and rule that they enforce, they will not commit immoral acts . For example , individuals who enforce religion value, will not be affected by the social environment for manipulation , corruption and etc . From here , the position of religion as a moral foundation in leadership is the most important. This means that religious education be a guide to form the moral character of the leader . A good leader in taking a decision must consider the good and bad one, and must be accountable in God someday . This means that , these leaders , carry out the things that must be done is instructed their God , and keep away from every prohibition's God and their religion
The next pillar is also called social skills or we called it as a sense of crisis. Thie term is sensitivity to the difficulties of the people as shown by the ability of empathy and sympathy to people who are less fortunate . This pillar also implies the existence of appreciation and respect for the human person , in which this case is a fundamental aspect that touches the main morality of a leader . Leaders must protect, instead of stepping on the dignity of the human person . This means that in making its decision , the leader demanded to attention the human dignity. Leaders can not use their power to degrading human dignity .
In order to meet the two main pillars of the leader’s morality , then it should start from conscience. The conscience of a leader is the sensitivity to feel the vibrations of life around which is a part of their life , a leader will be to interpret their role and responsibilities to balance people’s life.
In my opinion , an example of past moral leadership that can be used as inspiration is Ir . Sukarno from Indonesia. Leadership of Ir Soekarno based on Pancasila (official philosophical foundation of the Indonesian state) consists of leadership Thesis ( believe in God Almighty ) , humanist leadership ( having a sense of humanity ) , democratic leadership , leadership runitaris ( unite ) and social justice leadership (leadership with justice) Leadership style that applied by Ir . Soekarno was oriented with moral and ethical ideology underlying the State . Ir . Sukarno was a charismatic leader , has great spirit and self-sacrifice for the sake of unity and cohesion as well as his Nation 's independence . This means that all decisions was taken as common interests . Ir . Sukarno’s success in this case was self-esteem of the nation in the international community , such as Nefo ( new emerging forces ) , the Non-Aligned Movement , the Asian - African Summit , and foreign policy free - active is a little proof . This leadership style is known as a popular national leadership that has a high sensitivity to the concerns of national and people's interests . So the political or economic policy of the leadership must be geared and oriented at the national and community interests . Leadership qualities that also stands out from Ir . Sukarno was strong confident , full of charm, full of initiative and innovative and rich in ideas and new ideas . So at his leadership , he had been a role model and source of inspiration for the independence movement of the peoples in Asia and Africa as well as the movement to remove the dependency on Western countries ( America and Europe ) .
The leader of the other parts of the world that inspired a moral leader is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known by the Mahatma Gandhi from India . Leadership model is Servant Leadership ( Leadership models waiter ) . This suggests that the leadership models by Mahatma Gandhi reflected from service , self-sacrifice of love , spirituality , integrity , simplicity , and prioritizing the needs of followers . Leadership principles of Gandhi were satyagraha ( the road to truth ) and ahimsa ( non-violence towards all beings ) . The principle of Gandhi , satyagraha or " path to truth " , has inspired generations of democracy activists and anti - racism like Martin Luther King , Jr. . and Nelson Mandela . The road to truth is applied in the leadership can not be separated from the value of its divinity and humanity . Thinking and leadership style was the inspiration for his descendants . In an article , he once said that : " ... if violence were met with violenc, it will give birth to hatred and new seedlings of hostility. Gandhi taught us the importance of fighting . something based on truth ( satyagraha ) . Furthermore , the struggle must also be on the right path and immoral . The principle of satyagraha , which is the belief that the soul can be saved from the evils of the world , and also can provide relief , so far as the soul always in quest for God through the truth and only the truth.
The conclusion of this essay is the moral character of the leader was formed from an early age through religious education and humanitarian aspects . Aspects of religious education becomes an essential aspect of personal improvement , where the firm personality to the rules that internalized within them that will not influenced by social environmental . This is because to do this,they holds fast their religion values . Humanitarian aspects of becoming a major aspect in the sense of crisis that a leader must have a social sensitivity towards the surrounding environment . That aspects will be the basic or foundation of the formation of a moral leader