Morality and leadership are two assets of a good leader. Evaluation of a leader is done on the basis of his/her moral stands and his/her capacity to handle adverse conditions. For making these words clear we need to find; how does morality develop leadership in ourselves?
In societies of Nepal, a man is characterized as moral or immoral according to his behavior in societies. If he respects old people and loves younger, then he is known as moral fellow. Here old and young people symbolize the dependent population and society needs to be responsible for them. But in contrast if the same man shows his anger upon those factions of society without reasons, he is recognized as immoral. In Nepalese societies like in other societies, morality is often described by the religious books. According to those, if a man/woman respects nature then he/she is regarded as moral while if he/she does any activities that harm environments, he/she is regarded as immoral. Similarly in case of leader, he/she is called as moral if he/she regards the opinion of citizens and becomes accountable to society. As leader is the initiator of any activities in the nation, he/she must be well aware of the wants of the people and resource potentiality of the nation. Therefore a good and moral leader must know present situation of nation and opinions of the citizens.
Let’s hope above example can illustrate the importance of morality in building the impression of people towards ourselves. Leaders cannot be loved unless they become morally pure. Moral leadership arises from the dimensions like trust, agreement, flexibility and perseverance. If a leader does not know that value of those dimensions, he/she cannot be worthy of leadership.
Let us acquaint with several examples of politics in Nepal to understand the need of moral leadership. Nepal is a young republic country striving for stabilization of democracy. There are many political parties with different ideologies. Every political party has advocated for democracy, human rights and youth rights. However in reality the activities of political parties and their youth wings are negating the economy, societal balance and their philosophies. Political leaderships of almost all parties have created youth wings and some resembling to paramilitary structures. Extortion, bribery and hullaballoo in universities and academic institutes, involvement in smuggling and crimes have been common activities of those wings. The bad consequences of such activities are seen in every sector of the nations.
It is not that main leaderships of political parties are unknown of the unpopular activities of their party cadres and youth wings. However they are neglecting and have been digesting those activities thinking that if they stop their adamant activities, other parties will dominate them. Let me write an example about how lack of morality on political leadership is ruining the fundamental of human civilization. As we all know that recently rape has been serious issue in India and Nepal. Political transition and weak punishment system have aggravated the rape issue in Nepal. There is not even a day when there is not news of rape in newspapers. Recently a teacher of a school in Biratnagar, eastern city of Nepal, raped his student who was from poor background. Parents committee protested but there were no outputs as administration was unable to punish the teacher as he was an activist of one of the parties. In every society teachers are regarded as prestigious and moral character and they are leaders for change. But in that event, the same raped the norms of society and I understood that political parties clapped for the rape by protecting the criminal. By presenting the above example, I want to send a message to global community regarding the status of country when leaders are morally corrupt.
Moral leadership is very complex and dynamic. Similarly some aspect of moral leadership changes with the change in societies or nations. It is obvious that we cannot be moral as described in Bhagvat Geeta, Bible, Tripitak and Quran as it is 21st century. However every human and leaders of society need to follow the basic guidelines of humanism as violation of that will make the world more terrified as it is today. Moral leaders always try to be example of the people by working for the benefit of society and nation. Some examples of good works at this time include fighting with corruption, working for minimizing the inflation, making harmonious foreign relation while preserving the national interests, raising voices against crimes etc.
Moral leadership is a unique type of leadership. Immoral leaderships always try to get something from societies and people. However a moral leader always tries to give something to his society or nation. It is not necessary that a moral leader should hold any post. A moral leader has a certain goal for betterment of society. The relevancy of Mahatma Gandhi still holds true in case of moral leadership. He was the core figure behind the independence of India from English colonization. In my view, he could assume any supreme posts of independent India. However his life remained unchanged even after independence. He had goal of independence which he fulfilled and started his daily activities as usual. He is an exemplary of moral leader. Generalizing this, we can say that a moral leader is not attracted by temporary temptation rather he is surrounded by his wills to achieve destination of social, cultural and national transformation.
Let me write something about religious leadership and moral leadership. The interdependence between these two types of leadership is obvious as morality is more or less guided by religions. However religious leaderships may be extremist when they are limited in expansion and development of a certain religion while prohibiting others. However a moral leader always tries to expand and develop overall humanity under which religion also comes. In other words, the ground of a moral leader is a society rather than a factor of a society. He/she is more focused on stability and salvation of society. However the thirst for moral leadership may always start with religion. In this way morality and religion are interdependent.
The issue of process of development of moral leadership also comes together with moral leadership. Some say that solely home is responsible for developing moral leadership in a child. While some say that only school /colleges are responsible for developing moral leadership in children. Development of moral leadership in children is very important as today’s youths are leaders of future. However the very platform of moral leadership in a child is developed with the influence of family members and friends at the school. Therefore it depends upon what family and primary school teachers for moral children. I still remember that when I was a young boy, my mother used to tell that I should never hate other religions. I found this as true when my teachers taught me the same. Therefore today I go to Church on the day of Christmas, Mosque, Bihar and Temple where I get peace in every place. I some time imagine if I was taught in other ways by both family and school, I would have behaved in another way resulting to some immoral activities in the societies in the name of religion. It is up to families and schools for shaping personalities of Children while other stakeholders of society can merely add some inputs in that shape.
At the end moral leadership is very important type of leadership which considers the welfare of society, nations and humanity as supreme task. Moral leadership is the possession of the unique skills and capacities in human beings through which they can manage the feelings of their sub-ordinates. In that way moral leadership is a management of society. In another words, moral leadership is a lure which attracts many supporters for getting good social desires into reality. There are different ways for development of moral leadership. Some develop moral leadership during their hard time in life while other thinks morality as a way of life. However basis of both approach lies entirely on the milieu of societies.