All human history is permeated with the search for a political ideal. This search is based on social differentiation. It is the social stratification that motivates the search for a political ideal, and each stratum represents a political ideal in its own way. At the heart of this view, as social Sciences prove, are the personal interests of each social group, not the whole society. And the higher the social group takes a position in the social hierarchy, the more influential it is.
Based on the etymology of the term "democracy", democracy should be understood as the power of the people. But, based on the history of ancient Greek democracy, it can be argued that the right to participate in the management of the state had only a certain stratum, which is more educated and financially secure (not all society). An educated and noble society understands that the ongoing conflict between rich and poor is comparable to a dormant volcano. To smooth this inequality, the modern elite has learned to hide behind the institution of democracy. Democracy by political elites comes to the fore, and conditionally equalizes a highly differentiated society. Most citizens think that they are involved in the political process: they form ideas about social relations, establish the boundaries of what is permitted and what is forbidden. This view of society is formed as a result of a fairly powerful ideological propaganda of the media. Let it be false, but thanks to the mechanism of creation of illusion, it is possible to keep order in society.
Can I blame the government that it is unfair to its citizens. Since inequality has always been. To prove this, the author gives the following examples:
First, the fact that all people are born different from each other. Someone smarter, someone more beautiful, someone taller, someone born with disabilities, in a rich or poor family. Based on this, each member of society to address political issues will be approached based on their physical, intellectual, financial capabilities. This negates the notion of equality.
Second, the population and its settlement. If before the formation of the state people lived in communities and all members of the community could gather in a certain territory and Express their opinion on a specific issue, in modern conditions it has become impossible.
Third, the impossibility of universal participation of citizens in political issues is confirmed by another of the most common theories of the origin of the state. The fact is that before the emergence of the state life evolved on the principle, which pointed Hobbes: "War all against all." To resolve this conflict, all members of society transferred their rights to a person who had to govern the state on behalf of citizens.
Fourth, the presence of justice. Under the sense of justice should be understood, empathy, participation and universal adherence to a common goal. At the same time, legal consciousness cannot be a momentary insight of society, it is acquired as a result of historical experience, genetic memory and traditions. Therefore, no matter how prosperous democracy may seem in a particular country, it is not a fact that it will "take root" in any other country. The process of drawing political regimes without relying on the sense of justice can lead the country to a degradation of the public split.
Based on the fact that there is no equality in nature and it has never been hidden by social Sciences, it can be concluded that the majority of citizens either did not want to understand the world order or could not understand how it could be done. This is not only the fault of the people themselves, the explanation lies in the political culture. By the way, in most countries of the world, citizenship is dominated by poddanicezkaya political culture. Podmaniczkaya political culture "pacified" citizens until universal public education.
Public education and gave rise to a universal desire to be in power. Ortega y Gasset described this behavior of people as "the Uprising of the masses." The meaning of the concept is that the uneducated majority has learned to read and write. And it felt that this is enough to manage society. In fact, the mass opposes itself to an educated minority, which is contrary to the divine nature of human origin, the history of the formation of the state.
Is it enough for a person to be able to read and write to build relations between peoples, classes, States? More like no than Yes. It is necessary to have special knowledge to manage the state. In nature there is no man versed in absolutely all spheres of life. Therefore, among the society will stand out people-organizers who are able to indicate the presence of any problems, to form and offer solutions. The task of the rest of the society is only to vote for the proposed option. People-organizers or activists are comparable to the leader of the state or political elite.
If we assume that the generator of any political ideas will be all, without exception, citizens in society, there is a danger of social unpredictability. This can lead to hostility against those who are in the minority.
The heightened and distorted interest in democracy today can be seen as a universal way of generating internal conflict between the rich and the poor. As a rule, conflicts on such grounds are developed and created by political scientists and sociologists. Need such conflicts to weaken the power of any state, change the political elite. Therefore, under the acute sense of justice hides personal benefit of the political elite of the enemy state. It can be presented as the elimination of injustice, the fight against dictatorship. The main role in the struggle for justice is assigned to ordinary citizens, who sacrifice themselves. But, on a victory to the disadvantaged layers of the population in this fight you shouldn't count.
The imposed desire of society for equality and freedom carries a mortal danger in the form of wars and revolutions. This desire has its roots in the eternal search for the ideal. The ideal was presented as harmony. The lack of harmony, just, and has to reflect on why real life is far from ideal. These searches, under the skilful guidance of the warring States and lead to the discovery of the guilty, new forms of interaction between government and society. Testing these norms in practice leads not only to evolution but also to regression.
In modern Russia, the issues of democracy or power of the people are not acute. The democratic political regime of Russia allows every citizen, depending on their knowledge, competence, skills to influence the fate of their country, their city and district. This opportunity, in many ways, the Russians received thanks to the spread of the Internet. Issues of concern, citizens discuss online, make decisions. But even with this seemingly independent approach and unconventional environment, the leader and his associates stand out. The group of activists brings significant issues to the General public and encourages this public to dialogue. That fits the definition of people power.
Of course, issues affecting everyday life, the social sphere is narrowly limited. Political issues are all-encompassing in their breadth. Therefore, to solve political issues you need to have the skill. But it is possible to develop such a skill among citizens. It is necessary to create a hierarchy of problems for popular participation in their solution. The gradual transition from simpler to the most complex, able to develop and form the population of civil responsibility. The more important the question, the more responsibility. At the same time, the right of access to more important issues is given to those citizens who have learned to consciously vote for less important issues. What is confident the Russian society.
Answering the question: "is it Important to live in democracy?", the author believes, that it is important! Provided, however, that every citizen and the international community understand democracy in the same way. In order to do so, it is necessary to take into account historical facts and the nature of human nature when referring to "democracy". This will help both citizens and politicians to look at the people's rights from a true position. This approach minimizes internal social division and is able to protect society from the influence of agents-destroyers of foreign States.
Based on the stages of evolution of socio-political relations, it can be concluded that humanity is approaching harmony in the relationship between government and society. Of course, there is still an approach in which one group of people looks at another with high. But this, according to Weber, has a beneficial effect, which is expressed in competition. And competition forces people who are on the lower positions in the social hierarchy to join the fight. Under the struggle, the author understands getting an education, increasing income, improving housing conditions. Today, it is several times more affordable, due to lending by banks to individuals than some time ago. In addition, Bank lending contributes to an increase in the number of citizens belonging to the middle class.
Based on the above, we can draw the following conclusion: Good education and the emergence of private property are important conditions for the formation and development of democracy. The significance and responsibility in the people's right is acquired through the presence of civil property. The more it is and the more expensive it is, the more responsible people will approach the issues of the people's rights. Irresponsible democracy creates the risk of losing all civilian property, which for people is like death.