Effiong Christiana Bassey
Tansian University. Nigeria
When one hears the word democracy, the first that should come into our mind is the understanding of what democracy is. According to Merriam Webster, Democracy is government of the people especially rule of the majority. A government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
Democracy originated more than 2,400 years ago in ancient Greece. The word "democracy" means rule by the people. The concept of democracy as proposed by Han Shuifa is that, the core elements of modern democracy are citizens who share equally in mutually compatible basic rights, serve as the final decision makers on the community's constitution, and choose whom to be entrusted with legislative and executive powers, while at the same time wielding final veto power, over the present government.
I believe in democracy, because it is needful to note that democracy is government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Therefore, democracy is very important to any nation or state as it allows for a two way flow communication and relationship between the government and the people. The importance of democracy in a country or nation cannot be overemphasized. This is because, with democracy, the government is accountable and transparent in it's dealing or way of governance towards subordinates even in its electoral processes. Meaning that, any government that operates outside a democratic system is bound to fail and in most cases plays as a dictator to the people thereby depriving them of rights,and putting them in terrible situations, even making life unbearable for citizens as experienced in some non democratic states. Citizens may be forced to go through situations like,lack of freedom of speech, religion, language, dressing or even press freedom in dissertation of information as its major duty to the society. Poor infrastructural facilities, unfavorable government policies, political thuggery and other forms of misconduct may also be experienced in such country without the government being questioned or held accountable for these acts.
Democracy is very important for the peace and development of a nation.It gives way to free and fair elections and votes of every eligible citizen counts without rigging. Democracy promotes economic growth and stands as a platform for dialogue if at any point of conflict. The presence of democracy totally eliminates ethnic, religious and political strife unlike a non democratic system where the struggle for power or governance may be biased and based not on citizens choice but on the basis of ethnicity, religion, political party or political god-fatherism as practiced or ongoing in some countries of the world today.When there is democracy, there is political freedom and equality in human rights. Policies that speaks for, and protects human right rather than violate will be formulated.
John F. Kennedy states that, democracy is the superior form of government because it is based on the respect for man as a reasonable being.
I strongly believe in democracy because it is a voice to the voiceless, every individual have opportunity to vote and be voted for without limitation. A society where certain job opportunity are given to a set of people whether qualified or not, appointments or contracts are awarded based on social class, background, well-known surnames or level of wealth acquired is a non democratic society and deprive many of their citizenry rights directly or indirectly. Democracy helps to put in place good policies that protects and give woman rights to be heard in the society and the important things like system, structure, synergy and strategy will be put into consideration by government to foster sustainability of economy. Any government policy that is not based on the interest its people has failed and therefore care less about the welfare of citizens and such government is regarded as 'moving in motion'. This is why a system of governance seeks to solve societal problem instead of pocket needs should be adopted by any nation that wishes to grow. The interest of the common man must be protected and this can be achieved by democracy. Government should be held accountable for misuse of public funds that should be channeled into the educational, health and agricultural sector for economic growth. This is because with democracy, no one is above the law. Two cheers for Democracy: one because it admits variety and two because it permits criticism. Two cheers are quite enough, there is no occasion to give three. E. M. Forster.
Also, democracy is important because its notion is based on "people's sovereignty", in other words, people are the main source of power, they can form and diffuse government , but when there is no democracy, this can not take place but remain a mere dream.
Finally, Democracy gives room for public participation in decision makiy,or opinions regarding their needs, grievances and so on. And on that basis policies are formulated.