Knaub Artur Vitalievich
Moscow gymnasium №20, Russian Federation.
Why is it important to live in democracy? It is difficult not to ask yourself this question in the 21st century, when autocrats and radicals disappear from politics. Reactionary and militant political programs cause sharp antipathy of the public. People understand that the passivity of civil society in the face of the threat of an authoritarian regime in the country would lead to regression and isolation. However, the demands of democratic reforms frighten authoritarianism and face the violent actions of dictatorship. Observing the injustice and brutality in the country, people start civil disobedience actions against authoritarian authorities. For example, the desire for democracy led a huge number of people to Tahrir square in Egypt in 2011. And in 2014, the citizens of Ukraine managed to defeat the authoritarian regime of Viktor Yankovich and establish democracy. As authoritarian leaders try to stay in power at all costs, violent dispersals of demonstrations is often accompanied by human casualties, and opposition activists are imprisoned. But why are people willing to risk their lives and freedom for a life in democracy? What is this political system for which there is a struggle on the barricades?
This is a really important question, but to answer it, let's define this model of political governance. Democracy is a form of government in which representatives of the state, elected by free, secret ballot through an equal and competitive electoral process, implementation their policies within the framework of the law and are based on public opinion. In this political system, the government protects democratic institutions, does not put pressure on civil society, but contributes to its development. The political leader does not try to mediate and build his personality into a cult, the ruling party does not seek to control the media. There is freedom of speech and creativity, many opinions and associations, trade unions, political parties. The court and Parliament do not depend on the government, that is, the principle of separation of powers is implemented. Prosecution by the police for political reasons is excluded. Such a political regime is based on the authority of democratic institutions and respect for legitimate procedures under all conditions.
People want to live under this form of government because democracy is the path to progress and the rule of law. With the help of such a device, a person can show his potential to others, show talents and realize himself. People can easily interact with each other in a democracy without fear that someone will write a denunciation. Democracy is the voice of every citizen, not shields and batons. After all, unpopular decisions and the loss of political authority will lead you to collapse in the next election. The reputation of the head of state and his government is very important for democracy. It depends on how and by what methods they run the country. Any decision has consequences in elections and in a democracy the President or the Prime Minister cannot ignore it. In authoritarianism, the rating is artificial, and the" authority " of the dictator are forced to recognize under the threat of violence. Respect for the government by recognizing its knowledge and competence, rather than an atmosphere of fear and terror, is another reason why democracy is important in people's lives.
People want to see a democratic way of development of the state also because such device keeps harmony in society. Even the most acute social contradictions in democracy can be solved by diplomacy and compromise, while the dictatorship is in a state of conflict because its priority is the power of weapons and it does not take into account the opinions of others. As a result, it leads to turmoil and terror. An example of this is the great tragedy in the Republic of Rwanda in 1994, when the authoritarian government provoked one of the worst tragedies on the African continent - the genocide of the Tutsi people, which killed hundreds of thousands of people. The political leadership " fed " the radicals who wanted to commit murders and pogroms, supported and helped organize media campaigns against this ethnic group. Radio in Kigali gave the signal, and the military, the police and the extremists started mass murder. What happened in Rwanda is one of those horrifying examples of how any social conflict in a country without democracy can have dire consequences. Thus, democracy is also important because its absence creates a precarious position of peace in society and can provoke a great tragedy.
In addition to conflicts within the country, where authoritarian power has been established, the ambitions of dictators often extend to foreign policy. History has shown us many examples when dictators sought to undermine the international situation and even arranged military intervention in other States. Political gestures of dictators in the international arena have always demonstrated disrespect for the principles of peaceful settlement of international conflicts. They do not even hide their propensity for military expansion and spy adventures. Moreover, sometimes it comes to an open demonstration of hatred for the UN Charter, as it was, for example, in 2009, when the Libyan tyrant Muammar Gaddafi tore this document right on the podium. This autocrat will try again and again to interfere in the internal Affairs of other States in Africa and the East, until it is overthrown. Such antics, though desperate, but in addition to the torn UN statutes, they reach flagrant violations.For example, Russian dictator Vladimir Putin annexed the Crimean Peninsula of Ukraine 4 years ago, introducing his troops there. It is also one of the reasons why it is important for people to live in a democracy rather than a dictatorship. Authoritarianism is unpredictable and threatens peace between the countries of the world.
We have already come to the conclusion that dictators ' decisions cannot be foreseen and they pose a threat both to their own citizens and to the citizens of other countries. But in fact, these terrible authoritarian regimes inside are very weak, because all the power there is concentrated in the hands of several members of the ruling party or the junta. Therefore, in countries where there is no democracy, so often there are coups. The state apparatus is very simple, and the siege of civil society and the opposition does not allow people to respond to another attempt to seize power by force and to take the initiative in the streets. The increasing role of the army in domestic politics and the government's dependence on it often play a cruel joke with dictators. Such barracks "changes" are observed in many African countries, where the opposition and civil society are severely suppressed. In August 1991, supporters of the old Communist regime tried to stage a military coup in Russia. In Moscow, the GKCHP introduced troops and the coup had the opportunity to seize power, but people took to the streets, built barricades and blocked the army. Civil society rebuffed the conspirators, so the coup failed. The absence of democracy leads to uncontrolled changes in government, Palace and military coups, which also weaken the institution of elections. Democracy will not allow anyone to come to power in an unfair way. Questions of change of power can not be solved by generals and Ministers, as it is-the task of the people, not ambitious people.
Summarizing all the above, it is important to note the following. In non-free countries, where freedom is the enemy of government, it is difficult for people to unite. Although they are aware of the importance of democracy in their lives, they lack the knowledge and resources to initiate civil disobedience. Educational projects of non-profit organizations, the attention of international organizations and support for progressive movements in countries with authoritarian regimes are very important for people, because after learning how well people live in a democracy, people become a little freer and less afraid. All this is very important for the future.
But why is democracy important to me? I live under the dictatorship of Vladimir Putin's regime in Russia and am overcome by anger when the ruling party suppresses the desire for freedom and well-being of my compatriots. During the years of Vladimir Putin's rule, our country has turned into a ruthless repressive machine and to this day devours its citizens. When your fellow citizens are persecuted for political reasons, tortured and killed, you understand that if this continues, your country will become a prison. Democracy will inevitably come to every country, the future is not conceivable in authoritarian tones. Therefore, based on all the above in the essay, it is very important for me to live in democracy. We're stronger than ever. We have something to dream about and something to strive for. I believe in the future of democracy in my country and in other countries, I have no doubt that it will come in the near future, because living in democracy is very important for everyone, and people are ready to fight for such a political system. For our and your freedom!