The word “democracy” is being spread and talked widely among the people living in this twenty-first century. Reversely, we, 21st generation, are living in the democratic world. After that, in modern politics, democracy has come to be so far-reaching accepted. However, we need to know what is democracy? What are democratic norms and values? How much is it important for us?
It cannot be denied that there are various definitions of democracy. One can say that it is freedom while the other can argue that it is governed by the people. According to Abraham Lincoln, the 16th U.S. President, he defined the nature of democracy as ‘Government of the people, by the people, and for the people’. It seems to me that democracy is a system ruled by the government elected by the people by voting and is based on liberal participation and fair electoral system.
Mostly, it involves freedom of speech, participation and movement. All the people can participate in building the country together with the government. In addition to this, it gives us freedom of election. Democratic state holds the values called peace and cooperation which are the most important in democracy. Moreover, it is argued that democratic states lead to cooperation and negotiation rather than being war.
During the World War I and II, the structure of the world was multi polarity which means that there are many powerful countries. However, the international became bipolar world after the Second World War and the countries were trapped between capitalism and communism. What’s more, the power rivalries between the two superpower countries, the United States and the Soviet Union reached climax. On contrary, after the Cold War in 1991, there was only one superpower, the United States. When we looked back, the world countries led to war and peace was far away from them. In addition, there were many devastation, many people are homeless and the economies of the countries were declined due to war. Thus, most of the people suffered seriously from the war. So, the countries led to a cooperated way in order to create a peaceful relationship between them.
People wanted democracy which can give them freedom and decision by themselves and fully right to survive peacefully. There are some significance events in history that attacked for democracy. For instance, it is the Arab Spring which was a revolutionary to the dictatorship Therefore, if we compared to the past; most of the states are in democratic political regime although there are some sates which prefer communism to democracy. However, democratic sates are uncountable in present and people cherish on democratic values and norms.
For me personally, it is crucial to live in democracy which I call the best form of the system. Why? The very first fact is that freedom can be only given by democratic government. No one likes being suppressed. In democracy, we can show our desire freely. In addition to this, we can show our thoughts and ideas freely as well as give suggestions to the government that cannot get under dictatorship and communist government. For example, Myanmar, my country, can be said a good example of democracy. We were under the military government for over 60 years and our ideas were covered and we did not have a chance to open up freely. But, under the democratic government nowadays, the people in Myanmar can show their thoughts and give advice to the government. Thus, it is one point important to get democracy.
The second factor is that liberal participation. In democracy, people can take part in the government action so that the public will know which actions of the government are wrong and which are right. People will support the government in the implementation of the development of the country. As a result, the familiarities between the public and the government will be increased more and more. This kind of situation can be created by democracy.
The next point I would like to show is that electoral system. It is one of the points why democracy is important for the people. . Election takes part a vital role for the state. The election can be found under democratic government. Through the election and freedom of choice, the people can elect the representatives of the government through votes. Only in democracy, people can form the government indirectly.
The next vital one is that the actions of the government to its people. The democratic government can only provide public goods in which it includes basic needs such as shelter, food and infrastructure for the people. Additionally, we can have access to better education and health in that system. Besides, the government always listens to the people’s voice and the government is for the people. The actions of the government always head to development.
Another state is concerned with society and religion. In democratic system, besides from political equality, there is no discrimination on gender and religion. We have the right to choose to believe the religion we prefer. Freedom of religion is given. And all the people can show their desire. I do not mean that you can show up your desire that disturbs your society. Democratic can give us a safety and choice of a single person.
Unlike the other political regime, the democratic system gives us the right that we have to. We have many opportunities for our education, business and health in the democratic system. Advantages are over the disadvantages. On the other hand, many non-governmental organizations, other civil society organizations can be formed as well as people’s actions like discussions and giving political education can be widely done.
To sum up, it is the best form of government that we should have and the system we should live. To develop the country, for the government, it is important to listen to the public voice and to look the public action. In turns, for the people, they should take part in the government’s actions and support the government. That is why, it is undoubtedly crucial for the people to live in a democracy.
Hline Pwint Phyu
University of Mandalay
Final Year Student of International Relations