Is it Important to Live in a Democracy?
The situation that I will be writing about in this essay is democracy in Mexico and the rumors that Mexico will become the new Venezuela due to the results of July 1st elections.
Mexico is a democratic republic, for which, according to Universia Mexico, must consist of certain characteristics, these being "respect for basic human rights, the exercise of civil liberties, equal opportunities and the participation of citizens in the election of governments." (2016, Universia México) Also, moving away from that which represents the monarchy. These characteristics have great importance not only because they are representative of our form of government, but because they are related to ethics, maintaining respect, dignity and equity and offering a dignified and valuable life to every person.
Because of people's dissatisfaction with the way the government has handled democracy, there has been a shift in the parties that have controlled Mexico. People have come out and voted for the person who has promised a different future and an inclusive government for society. People want democracy to be fair, transparent and right and, therefore, they made the decision that many wanted and others feared. It is important to address this issue because people should be informed that not all rumors are true and that to move from one form of government to another, many factors are needed. Having discussions about this issue helps to understand what people are happy with, what they dislike and what they should try to change in the country. In the same way, ethically speaking, as citizens we must be aware that the government is obliged to respect our rights, regardless of who is in office and that, being a democracy, we have the power to decide who will be the government and be involved in the decisions that are made within the country.
My position with regard to the object of analysis is in favor of democracy, because it is an inclusive form of government, in which citizens can be taken into account and in which the purpose is that there is the least if not no injustice. From my point of view, I really doubt that Mexico can become a country like Venezuela, that our form of government goes from being democratic to communist. What has happened with Venezuela is something that takes years. There are different factors that differentiate Mexico from Venezuela. These rumors began to emerge because the president-elect, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, has been repeatedly associated and compared with Nicolás Maduro, current president of Venezuela, which has alerted and continues to worry many Mexicans.
I am in favor of Mexico being a democratic country, since it has been the way in which the country has worked and, not only our country, but countries like the United States and Canada. In addition, it allows ethics to be exercised by allowing people to be heard and offering the participation of citizens, which can be respected, valued and taken into account. As El Universal mentions: "truth and ethics in politics generate a good social coexistence and strengthen democratic states, as well as the progressive development of human rights." (2017, El Universal)
I believe that, with an efficient democracy, Mexico can become the country it has always wanted to be. With an efficient democracy, resolving conflicts without the need for violence and giving stability and freedom to people, it could generate trust with them and, thus, get people to believe in government again. It is true that Mexico does not have the best government or that it is not in the best political situation, however this is not the democracy´s fault, but of the people who govern the country.
Democracy can help the country, but this can not be achieved with a corrupt government, to be able to change, this has to be done from root. For me, democracy is a very good form of government, however, communication between government and citizens is needed, a communication that allows us to know what needs to be changed, maintained or improved. "Simply democracy to function properly requires a significant degree of feedback, which is not limited to participation only on the day of the election or the payment of taxes." (El Universal, 2016). However, although participation on election day is not everything, it is a great step forward to be heard and for democracy to be respected. According to Animal Político, "more than 56 million Mexicans participated in the voting, which is a record attendance at polling stations during the elections. With a 63.44% participation percentage ..." (2018, Animal Poítico) one of the highest participations in the history of Mexico. As long as people continue to participate, talk and try to improve as a society, great achievements can be achieved for the country and its democracy, we can achieve that our rights can be fully respected and all have an acceptable and stable quality of life, as it should be .
As for the rumors that Mexico could become a communist, I totally disagree. I take this position for several reasons, which I will mention below.
People have long been unhappy with the way the country has been managing and with the fact that they are two parties that have been controlling the country for years. As El Economista mentions, "93% of the population in the country expressed dissatisfaction with the conduct of democracy carried out by the government." (2017, El Economista) It is a large number and it is very alarming that so many people within a country are dissatisfied with the form where it is being controlled and the direction in which it is being carried.
As I mentioned at the beginning of the essay, this led people to seek to change the rulers, that is, to give power to someone who said to be against what these two parties represent. This new person managed to divide the country, something that had rarely been done. Alerted some and cheered others. Rumors came, one being the possible conversion from Mexico to Venezuela. This is very difficult because unlike Venezuela, Mexico has two chambers of deputies, while Venezuela only has one, this makes the decisions that the president wants to take have to go through more filters and are more difficult to manipulate. In addition, the power in Venezuela is put in two people, one being elected by popular vote (president) and the other directly by the president. Also, the president has the right to an indefinite election, being able to remain in power for as long as it is. Mexico and Venezuela are very different, these types of rumors arise due to moments of crisis, of uncertainty, however you must know how to manage and reassure people, all based on good communication and information management.
As I said, I am in favor of democracy, however there are different types of opinions and ways of thinking. Karl Marx is a great example of someone with thoughts contrary to mine. Marx advocated "the eradication of private property and the creation of a planned economy or nationalization ..." (Seongjin Jeong, 2017) described communism as an association of free individuals. He believed that communism "is not limited to a simple substitution of private property for social property, but it is about the realization of social property resulting from the abolition of forms of social validation of private property." (Seongjin Jeong, 2017). Marx was in favor of communism and, although his opinions modified my way of looking at communism a bit, I remain firm with my position. I think that although communism may not be as radical as it seems or as it has been shown to us, democracy remains a form of government that could favor Mexico. Democracy offers freedom to citizens, freedom to achieve what they propose, have what they want and what they work for. This form of government has worked in the country, I do not think it should be changed, but, on the contrary, I do believe that the people who govern us must change, must learn to live and carry out their work ethically, respecting the rights of others, seeing for the good of society and not only their own. I believe that ethics should be taught from below and not try to modify only up, to be able to live in peace and freedom, you must act in the right way always looking to leave something good and positive to society, because only then can you advance as a country.
I am in favor of democracy being our way of managing the country. It seems fair and free, we can make decisions as a society, demand our rights, be different, respected and listened to. Democracy can improve in the country by educating our leaders, acting in an ethical manner, having respect, rights and promises being fulfilled and having each one of us listened to and taken into account. This can only be done by putting effort, speaking, raising our voice. Having chosen AMLO as president means a change in the country, we still do not know if it is positive or negative, but that decision is people's voice, is what society or at least the majority wants. It is democracy. I doubt that democracy can end up becoming communism, I think we are very far from that, the differences between both countries are great. With the investigation of this essay I discovered new things about communism, there are different forms of it, and maybe one not so extreme, however, I do not think it is the best option for Mexico.