With the expiration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015 and the time to set the new development agenda nearing, thematic consultations on the UN level are being held in 11 areas, Conflict and Fragility being one. The Conflict and Fragility cluster is co-convened by UNDP, UNICEF, UNPBSO and UNISDR in partnership with the Government of Finland. The following recommendations are made here for integrating conflict and fragility in the post-2015 development framework:
- Integrate into the post-2015 development goals the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States adopted in Busan in 2011, identifying five Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs) as guidance for engaging with developing fragile states;
- Ensure that development aid channeled into rebuilding state institutions, and security sector reform, does not finance paramilitaries, organized crime groups, or terrorist networks;
- Ensure that development aid does not finance violations of human rights and humanitarian law standards;
- Encourage development aid donors and aid-recipient states to observe UN arms embargoes;
- Encourage development aid donors and aid-recipient states to ratify the UN Arms Trade Treaty;
- Encourage development aid donors to adopt legislation and concrete measures to reduce to a minimum arms exports to developing fragile or conflict states;
- Ensure that all actors engaged in development in conflict or fragile states, which choose to contract private military or security companies, do so only according to the internationally recognized standards of The Montreux Document on Private Military and Security Companies, and in line with the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers.