Attah Philip Anthony
Gateway excel college
Secondary school student
IMPORTANCE OF DEMOCRACY IN A COUNTRY
Democracy may be a familiar word to many but it is a concept still misunderstood and misused. A nation who refuses to practise Democracy will be considered a pariah nation. Many creative ideas that would have transformed the world into a better place are not considered due to the absence of democracy and the presence of dictatorship which has made many nations "to be in Davy Jone's locker". In many other government, practiced like the mobocracy, aristocracy, and monarchy, it is not considered that " what is good for the goose is good for the gander".
The democratic system of government has been accepted as the only form of government welcomed and accepted to the international organization like the united nations. The world seems to have rejected one party system of government because it leads yo the curtailment of individual liberty and promotes dictatorship. The numerous importance of democracy to my nation and the world at large can never be underestimated. It allows the ideas and views of masses to be considered and for citizens to participate in their nations decision making. Democracy was defined by sir Abraham Lincoln the sixteenth president of the united states of America as the Government of the people, by the people and for the people. But in many nations, it is practised as the government of the people by the elected leaders for the people. It is a government that is regularly elected from time to time and thus controlled by the people who live under it.
Capitalist Democracy as a form of democracy is a political, economic and social system based on tripartite arrangement of market based economy operated predominantly on democratic polity which is supported by the majority. Democracy promoted political participation and this helps people developed and sustain needed interest in the running of the government of their country and the change of government from hands to hands as elections are held periodically, citizens enjoy the opportunity to retain or change their representatives to new ones through multiparty system of government which is the acceptable form of government approved for states in the international system. Multiparty system of government gives room for the citizens of a country to exercise freedom to vote for the party of their choice, political parties in this system present various list of candidates to be voted for in elections each party prepares a manifesto telling the people what it promises if elected to power.
Furthermore, political campaigns for votes usually proceeds the period of election. During the campaigns, there are several public campaigns where the candidates have the opportunity to meet the electorate and tell them what he intends to do for them when be is voted into power. The candidates are also free to canvass for votes, that is go from house to house soliciting support. Elections are conducted by electoral bodies, it calls for nominations from the parties and releases guidelines for the election and it can disqualify any candidates. During the elections, all citizens that are of voting age and have been dully registered by the electoral commissions are allowed to vote. Voting is done by the election of promising representative in the occupancy of certain positions. When the voting process is over, the candidate with the highest number of votes will be declared winner. Elections take place on different occasion's for the different tiers of government. Whenever elections are to be conducted, the countries population is broken down into smaller units or constituencies. This makes room for citizens at the grass root to participate actively in political process hereby, bringing the government nearer to the people. Also, democracy encourages good government because it gives the electorates authority to vote out incompetent public officials, political leaders carry out their duties diligently and conscientiously so that they may be reelected in the second tenor as this will reduce high rate of corruption in a country and help to keep the flag flying .
In addition the majority rule in democracy. In majority rule, the party with the majority of supporters gets the highest number of votes and by that, they take control of the government till the period of the next election Once a person is elected he or she does not have the power to curtail the rights of the minorities. When the winners take charge of the government, the losers consisting of the minority are at work to get it back in the next elections. This principle maintains that majority rules but the rights of the minority is protected. In other words, the decision of a group must reflect the presence of more than half of those participating, simple majority and minority must have a say. The benefits of most citizens cannot be denied by the government if there is majority rule.
Finally, rule of law which refers to a principle of government in which all persons, institutions, entities both public, private and the state itself are accountable to laws that are openly promulgated, equally implemented and which are consistent with inter-human rights. It requires measures to ensure adherence to the principle of supremacy of the law, equality before the law, accountability and legal transparency.
Supremacy of th law is used to the describe the prepotent nature of the law governing a country. It means the people in government must act according to the law of the country and it is often administered by the supreme court of law. If the rule of law is not obeyed, punitive measures are adjudge, no matter the person involved. Secondly, equality before the law as another section of the rule of law makes all citizens to be equal before the law. This principle also talks about the fundament human rights. It refers to the basic freedoms and rights which every citizen is entitled to.Human rights are privileges inherent to all human beings regardless of race, sex, religion, nationality, ethnicity, language, and any other statues. Democracy provides the natural environment for the protection and effective realization of human rights. Political rights and civil liberty are enshrined in democracy. In summary I will quote Abraham Lincoln that "No man is good enough to govern another man without the other's consent".