The ultimate challenge we are facing today as a world, is lack of good governance/failed governance. Chaos are everywhere in the world. Rise of new diseases, war, famine, hunger, poverty, terrorism and many others. The root cause of all these lack of proper or good governance.

The so called developed countries are all fighting against terrorism, and manufacturing of strong weapons like nuclear weapons which endangers the life of the whole world. Lot of money is used in different researches finding the cure for the diseases caused by man himself. For many years different scientists have been tring to find the cure of AIDS/HIV with no results. We have seen one country fighting with other country just because of territory conflicts e.g. Israel and Palestinians countries fight just because one president has accused the other. Although these countries are said to be developed but still there are enough battles each country is tring to fight with.

In developing countries is alittle bit different as these counties are still fighting against four enemies, poverty, ignorance, corruption and diseases. Most of these countries are still poor in all aspects of life like economically, socially, academically. Most of them are running shortage of hospitals including advance equipment’s, safety water problems as well as electricity supply problems. Despite of many resources they hold, these countries are still starving and depend on the developing countries. There is nothing weird than lack of proper governance. These countries have become cancerous of corruption eating them to death. Diseases like Malaria is still a big problem killing man power in large percentage every year in most country like Tanzania.

Form the above, all countries are facing difficulties in different aspects of life. The world is full of sufferings that people are tring to solve. But yet no permanent solution is developed. I have come to discover the root cause of all these chaos is because we are running out of good governance in many aspects of life. Leaders are becoming managers rather than innovators.

For the meantime, what is good governance? To my point of view, good governance is to have innovative, responsible and ethical leaders with well-organized structure of government. To govern is to bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage, impose regulations. Now it depends on the imposed rules and principle whether are good or bad which may try to protect one group and oppress the other. The big part of this is who make them. leaders. The ones given authority to apply these laws and principle in which they govern.So inorder to get good laws we need good leaders in which we can get good governance.

As seen, having good leaders or true leaders is the key point to the achievement of good governance.

We need a leader who is innovative. Due to climatical changes, hurricanes, floods and prolonged droughts are catastrophes which can rise at anytime needing any leader to be prepared at every time to deal with such circumstances’,A leader who always have a plan B may survive these situations. We need leaders who improve our situations and make them better, leaders who can transform problems to business opportunities. Lack of innovative leaders has lead Africans to depend on European countries waiting for them to solve their problems.No intensive researches are made by these countries like to find the permanent cure of Malaria, the government are investing much money on treatment of the disease than eradicating it for good.

We need a leader who takes his/her responsibility. We have seen the destruction of environment today is because of irresponsible of the leaders in the past days. We couldn’t have afforestation campaign if, leaders concerning with forestry where fully responsible in their area of leadership. We have immorality activities everywhere in the world, culture destructions and people with drug abuse, where are the religious leaders, pastors, bishops to fight against this. Where are the legal authorities to stop these acts? This show there is irresponsibility of leaders somewhere. Some of these leaders take part of the crime making it much more difficult to eradicate the problem. If everyone could have stayed in his place, nothing could have gone wrong. We need responsible leaders.

We need, an ethical leader. Ethics is the most important asset a leader should have. Because this is what build the character of his/her leadership. Ethics involves observing leadership standards, an ethical leader will never take corruption nor work under standard. He/she will always work for the betterment of the community. Today’s leaders most of them are unethical. Very few work for the betterment of the community.

Failed governance is seen from the grace root levels, when we have leaders who are manager rather than oversees. In developing countries mostly in africa are still having the colonization nightmare, when we were told only white people are leaders. This has made our leaders still be dependence on their top leader, and the top leader to the top leader as well and the top leaders to the government and the government depend to the foreign country. This dependence chain has to stop.

The big question is how can we gate these types of leaders? Every strong and tall build has a deeper foundation. To have good future leaders we have to lay down a stronger foundation to the youth. Through seminars, international leadership programs, small mentoring program from the grass root level. Establishment of leadership institutes for leadership programs, if possible every undergraduate student should have leadership courses as part of his accomplishment of his degree.

Once we build strong leaders from the bottom, they help us to correct laws and principles which may not be good for the welfare of the community. If we have good laws and principles they they will help leaders to be accountable and responsible to the citizens and situations surrounding their follows. Leaders who can find solutions to problems of overpopulation, political uncertainties.

All in all, good leaders begin from our families. How do we teach our children to overcome challenges? The first teacher of leadership is a parent. Parent should not satisfy a child with all they need, some time the child has to activate his head to find solution. This will build confidence and prepare him to become a master of his own fate.







Undergraduate student,

University of Dar es Salaam,Tanzania

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