¿Do we really participate in the democracy?

According to the spanish Royal Spanish Academy (2018) , democracy has the meaning of “political doctrine according to which sovereignty resides in the people, who exercise power directly or through representatives”. But does it really happen in the countries that have that  government system? At least in Latin America and particularly in Mexico it does not happen.

We are living in a system where the power is exercised without legal bases. Only the people who has money and politicians can put the rules in the society and that has creating a weak estate that do not satisfy the social demands and there is distancing between the society and the representatives. For that reason, we are in the greater crisis of representation in the history in the modern democracy (Perez, 2017).

Globalization has occasioned that the states generate democracy beyond the border on the countries, without a autonomous monetary policy, looking to generate money and favour the big entreprises. In recent years, we have seen many laws and reforms looking to privatization, making the breach between rich and poor people bigger (Perez, 2017).

It is too normal for the people in the society say that “This government is not doing anything for us”, “All the politicians are corrupt”, “The actual government is only focused in particular interest” and “Politicians get rich when they reach the power”. The protest, search for alternatives and the discontent with the democracy has caused a gap. I have 23 years and I have voted twice in my life to choose the people who was going to be my representativeS, but after that, I have not read notice about them and i have not see them again and honestly, I have not neither look for them.

It is important include the ethics to talk about this difficult topic, because this branch of the human knowledge can give us the bases to reach agreements and enhance the actual situation in the society and they role in the democracy. If we continue with the same dynamics with our representatives, we are going to be more apart and more and more are going to be inequality, injustice, marginalization, distrust and insecurity.

I believe that the principle of the ethics (beneficence, nonmaleficence, Justice and autonomy)  as well as extended principles (respect, responsibility, co-responsibility and precaution) can give us the bases to everyone in order to create social cohesion. Without scattered interests.

These principles are the key because each of them has a particular meaning in our society in order to be more related between the people. But I think three of the them are de basis to reach a better democracy:

  1. Autonomy: Everyone has the right to take they own decisions, behave in the way without decrease the autonomy of the others (UAEH, 2011). Politicians  has the “power” or do it with the laws that they do and the reforms.

  1. Respect: These concept means give value to the opinions and the eleccions of the people (UAEH, 2011). For that reason, representatives must give value people and their opinion in order to reach a real democracy.

  1. Co-responsibility: Responsibility  means to be aware and act in order to achieve obligations. But  co-responsibility covers more that one person, a society that can act in order to reach their goals and comply obligations. For that reason, the democracy is work for all of us.

Is not valid that the people that is in the government take decisions in order to favour few people with power or themselfs, but is not neither valid disengage of the decision that our representatives take. It's not enough with only mark names in the vote ballot every 3 years. All of us live in a society and we need to look for the same interest in order to reach more social cohesion and better rules that benefit all.

Mair cite the works of Geoffrey Garrett, that said that globalization does not affect the autonomy of a country and neither the capacity to take their own decision in their political solutions. In other words, despite globalization, countries and governments, and therefore, also the parties in those governments, retained a capacity nothing despicable of political control, suggesting that the impact of politics election had not been diminished by market dynamics (Geoffrey, G. cited by Mair, 2015)

I think it does not happen, globalization has affected the interest of each person, but with a strong social cohesion, created with programs focused in the social development, with a sense of belonging focused on the principles that i wrote here and justice, we can reach empathy and commitment  on the part of all.

In summary, right now we are not really living in a society with democracy. Few people with power in the world take the decision in order to benefit them making a greater gap every day between marginalized people. With the principles of the ethics, we can start enhancing this problem based on three concepts: autonomy, respect and co-responsibility. The government then must involve the people in the decisions and the society must act as citizens informed and implicated. In that way, the well functioning of the democracy will create stability in the states.

My reflection is start working on my own citizenship, get infomed and transmit that enthusiasm and knowledge to other people to reach similar interest and make the representatives know our goals. Globalization affects the decisions of the country but social improvement is more important. Social cohesion is easy to reach if all of us are really involved and disposed to change our actual way in order to achieve similar interest.

Maybe, should be questioned that , Do the other people want to change the actual situation? and How to reach agreement?,because maybe some the people think that we are living in a good situation right now and the decision must be taken by the people that has power because they have gain it by work and wise decisions. Finally the decision making must have mechanism to avoid conflicts and benefit all the parts.


RSA. (2018). Democracy. Retrieved from: http://dle.rae.es/?id=C9NX1Wr

Mair, Peter (2015), Gobernando el vacío. La banalización de la democracia occidental, España, Alianza Editorial

Pérez, G. (2017). The social challenges of democracy in Mexico. Estudios políticos. 41, 27-53. Retrieved from: http://www.scielo.org.mx/pdf/ep/n41/0185-1616-ep-41-00027.pdf

UAEH. (2011). Principios de ética, bioética y conocimiento del hombre (Principles of ethics, bioethics and knowledge of man). 1 ed. Ciencia al día. Retrieved from: https://www.uaeh.edu.mx/investigacion/productos/4821/libro_principi...

Brenda Yaaxnic Vázquez Mata

 ITESM Querétaro


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