What is Moral Leadership?
Basically humans are a social being, which means they cannot survive on their own, always hanging with each other. A specific differences between humans and other creatures, is a desire to change life for the better, like for example happiness, ambitions , hopes, and desires, because of those basic needs, people need a leader, to be able to achieve those needs. Without a leader, human life would not be in control, and they will live without clear aim of their lives. A good leadership will take a man's life for the better and at peace, but a bad leadership will lead people to a sure failure.
Leadership is an art, because it is closely linked between the character of a leader and the character of the person being lead, such as being role models, integrity, skills, strength and they are able to build and navigate diversity to be able to establish unity. A role model is to be the character of a person who is seen and become an example to other people, integrity is trust, to be a leader integrity is a must, because people would follow a person only if they have fate and trust in that person. For skills, the leader must have specific skills such as visionary, instinctive, and social skills. The last is strength, which means the leader must be respected and have power above the other. A leader will act as a direction, like a compass for the whole organization and to holds each of every of those individual together. There are several different leadership theories:
First -born leader, a leader who was born to have the ability to lead.
Second -leaders are created, a leader can be formed to have the ability to lead.
Those theories are a contradiction, an expectation on the basis of the character of a person, Wisdom , be a role model, charisma, and to be instinctive is all human nature, that cannot be learned or created so easily. A leader cannot be compelled to have the character such as role model, authoritative figure, and a visionary, because all the moral of being a leader depends on the individual. In other words a person cannot be force to have a specific skill to an idolize leader, because those entire factor as a leader is the basic characteristic of the actual person. The word moral is defined as the standardization of right and wrong. But the contradiction of moral is that, who standardize what’s right and wrong? Everybody has a different view on what is right or wrong, which is why to understand what the act of right are or wrong it needs to be consider from three different views which will be the view from us, from the society and from religion. From considering every action from those three views will give a better understanding on the after effect of those actions, because any act as a leader will definitely have a massive affect, on a lot of aspect which is why considering every act is important.
In my opinion, good moral leadership is someone who is able to motivate one or more people to achieve and create an ambition and hope together. One of the prominent Indonesians " Ki Hajar Dewantara " give a famous phrase " Tut Wuri Handayani " which means in front, a leader must give an example or examples of action, in the middle a leader should be initiatives and create ideas, and from the back, the leaders should give motivation and instructions. My thoughts on my local leadership in my country is that the leadership is simply formed and made unnaturally, because it mostly prioritize on status, symbol-symbol, and self-interest, without any regard to the interests and welfare of the people. Indonesia is now almost have lost its entire leader, but has only the elite at the top of the political-economic pyramid. To investigate further, the cause is, of the many acts of corruption in the executive, legislative and judicial branches because they desire more to luxury living and riches and to achieve that by any means. This is why moral is needed in this case, to lessen the act of leader that would harm the people that are being led by them. An international example leader that I idolize is Mahatma Gandhi, because he is the exact image of the phrase “Tut Wuri Handayani”, he not only motivate and order from the back, but he go to the middle, to go to the field with his people to feel their pain and suffering to act together and to give ideas and from the front he brave enough to give example, to take the blame and to act first before anybody else. For me this is how a moral leader should be, but to be able to have what it takes to be this image of Mahatma Gandhi is not something that can be made or to be thought, it needs instinct, analysis, bravery, and wisdom. This is why Mahatma Gandhi is known to be a born leader.
Now a day, in this globalization era what are mostly affected is both socially and economically. The world around us is rapidly evolving and transforming which is why what it needs is a leader or a figure of a person that could see changes so quickly and the ability to analyze the openness of information, and the advancement of technology to improve the welfare and the living standards of its people. So moral Leadership is not about rank or materialism, but in refers more to an individual that are characterized by a deep sense of ethics, to always stand on a moral ideals and to always be motivated by the pursuit of a higher purpose. This is why leaders need to keep moral to always be balance by the realistic thinking caused by the growing of technology of the people now a day to answer all the challenges there are.
Name: P Bhirawa Anoraga S P
School: Sekolah Bogor Raya
Third year high school