Today's world is faced with challenges like hunger and food insecurity, unemployment, poverty, gender discrimination and inadequate security across the world which have affected human beings in all aspect of life being it political, economic and social cultural development. Today almost 10 million graduates who churned out of over 668 universities in Africa do not get job and as at 2017 global unemployment is expected to rise by 3.4 million and from the world hunger statistics, approximately 9 million people die of hunger each year. Statistics shows that hunger records the highest number of death as compared to malaria, AIDS and tuberculosis (Anon, 2012).        

Hunger is one of the major challenge facing the world today, there is food insecurity across almost every part of the world. Hunger which arise as a result of food insecurity which eventually leads to malnutrition across the global world. The term food insecurity is the condition in which all people, at all-time do not have physical, social and economy access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and foods preferences for an active and health life. Access to food and portable water is one of the basic necessity every human being must have to promote healthy living. The question “is food secured across the world”, the answer is NO. Because in this 21st century over 815 million of the world population do not find food to eat, which covers 11 percent of the world population (Anon, 2016). Almost 155 million of school children under five years of age suffer from stunted growth, 613 million of women in their reproductive age are affected by anemia and 613 million of adults are obese as a result of food insecurity across the world.

Hunger and food insecurity which results in malnutrition, which is an imbalance in micro and macro nutrients either a deficit or surplus of them, which impedes the body’s capability of growing and staying health.Malnutrition affects the world in so many ways. Example it leads to sarcopenia which is common in old age, poor wound healing, cachexia which encompasses of severe weight loss, along with muscle atrophy, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite.

Another challenge hindering the success of this 21st century is gender discrimination. The situation where by males were given the opportunity to have access to education and females were left in the house to perform household duties. As a result of this almost two-third of the female population in the world cannot read and write and therefore can’t find jobs to do in the society and end-up being dependent on their husband,family members and loved ones, this tarnish the image and respect of women in the society.

Another obstacle facing the world is unemployment. Life is an investment and the greatest wealth or property parents can leave behind for their children after their death is education because is cheaper as compared to ignorance. Parents invest all their resources in their children education and after graduating from the tertiary institutions there are no jobs for employment.These unemployed graduates then take the law into their own hands and form notorious groups with all sort of bad names and start to fight against the society by killing people and using them for rituals just to make money to meet their needs, some engage in armed robbery, drug-dealing and other due to frustration they commit suicide.


In this 21st century poverty is one of the major challenge facing the world. Statistics shows that the trend of poverty still increases as from 1990 to date. In 2013 it was estimated that 767 million people lived below the extreme poverty line and this has affected the upward movement of the global economy. In most Africa communities students complete primary schools and obtain good grades but cannot further their education either formal or informal due to poverty. These students end up useless in the society. Moreover if the brilliant student is willing to further his or her education at all cost due to insufficient funds on behalf of his or her parent, the student then engage in all unlawful practices like robbery, drug-dealing, prostitute to make money to meet his or her basic needs while in school.Due to poverty people do not eat balance diet to improve their health and this eventually leads to all kinds of illness which then put pressure on the United Nations to find remedies to these illness. People find it difficult to go to the hospital to seek for medical advice when they are sick, even if they go and the doctor prescribe medication for them as a result of poverty they can’t afford these medication to improve their health. Billions of people across the world loss their lives as a result of inability to afford medication being prescribed to them by medical doctors. As at today slave trade is still ongoing due to poverty. Poor people willingly give out their children to live with wealthy people and these children are maltreated and denied of their basic human right and some do not have access to education. Furthermore most European companies move to Africa with the intention that they are employing the inhabitant and then take them back to Europe to work. Most of these people are forced to engage in nasty work like prostitute, other used for porn videos and other are kept in hotels to satisfy the sexual desire of men at all time, while other are being raped on the streets and even with the people they live with.The rate at which these challenges spread across the world is beyond understanding and the negative outcome these challenges  have impose on the global world affects  every body irrespective of who you are or where from. United nations need to set down and analysis these challenges critically and come out with remedies to address all these challenges.

From the wise saying he who fails to plan then plan to fail. Thou these challenges are not easily to overcome but I strongly believe that to every challenge there is a remedy for that particular challenge. All these challenges can be eliminated or reduced when the world units as one and put these remedies in to action.

  • Improve agriculture activity across the world to ensure food security.
  • Creating decent jobs to reduce unemployment.
  • Creating awareness on the effects on gender discrimination by using movies and seminars across the global world.
  • Training well trusted competent security forces like the police, army and the national bureau of investigation and equipping them with the necessary tools to enable them work effectively to ensure security across the world.





Anon. (2012), “hunger records”, www.worldhungerstatistics. Accessed: November 14, 2017.

Anon. (2016), “the state of food security and nutrition in the world”,www.worldhealthorganization. Accessed: November 14, 207.

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